Nuclear Energy Without Nuclear Waste
DOE Budget 2014
The purpose of this discussion is to analyze where within the DOE’s 2014 budget, they are providing funding for R&D of alternate energy technologies that can sustain our massive energy requirements and won’t pollute the environment.
What are the innovative ideas being funded by the DOE
According to the DOE budget overview, “The President’s goals include, reducing our overall dependence on oil by more than 2 million barrels a day by 2025, reducing oil imports by half by 2020, doubling renewable electricity production from wind, solar and geothermal by 2020, and doubling energy productivity by 2030.”
“The missions of DOE’s applied energy programs are to deliver research, development and demonstration of efficiency of renewable energy, advanced fossil, nuclear, and grid technologies.” (fossil fuel and nuclear fission pollute the environment and after 50 years of trying, nuclear fusion doesn’t work)
The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
This is the U.S. government’s primary clean energy technology organization responsible for supporting high-impact applied Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment (RDD&D) in the areas of sustainable transportation, renewable electricity, and end-use energy efficiency in buildings and factories (such as putting tinted, reflective plastics on windows in order to block solar rays and better insulation?). The FY 2014 Budget of $2.8 billion for EERE is aimed at accelerating innovative change within the Nation’s energy economy.
Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy: Changing What’s Possible
The FY 2014 Budget includes $379 million for the Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E).
ARPA-E supports high-impact energy research with real-world applications in areas including power electronics,
batteries for electrical energy storage, battery management and sensing, grid networking technology, thermal energy
storage, carbon capture technologies, natural gas vehicles, non-photosynthetic biofuels, and rare earth alternatives.
Some of the significant ARPA-E technical achievements include:
Doubling the world record energy density for a rechargeable lithium-ion battery to 400 Whr/kg
Developing a 1 megawatt silicon carbide transistor the size of a fingernail
(these two technologies may have applications for LENR)
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability: Enabling a Clean Energy Economy
The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) is responsible for leading national efforts to modernize the electricity grid, enhance the security of energy infrastructure, and facilitate recovery from disruptions to the energy supply. The Department’s FY 2014 Budget for OE of $169 million, a 24 percent increase over the FY 2012 level, ensures that progress continues toward one of the Nation’s key enablers of a clean energy economy – the electricity delivery system. (making sure it is reliable, sustainable and secure – I do believe this is a good idea)
Office of Fossil Energy: Supporting Critical Carbon Capture Research Initiatives and Ensuring American Energy Options
The FY 2014 Budget of $638 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is to advance technologies related to the reliable, efficient, affordable, and environmentally sound use of fossil fuels as well as manage the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating oil Reserve to provide strategic and economic security against disruptions in U.S. oil supplies. (fossil fuels are the source of our pollution and hence, global warming
Office of Nuclear Energy: Investing in Energy Innovation and Technical Leadership
Currently, nuclear energy supplies approximately 20 percent of the Nation’s electricity and over 70 percent of
clean, non-carbon producing electricity. Over 100 nuclear power plants are offering reliable and affordable
baseload electricity in the United States, and they are doing so without air pollution and greenhouse gas
emissions. (these are fission based reactors which produce nuclear waste)
The Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) supports research, development, and demonstration activities
which are designed to resolve the technical, cost, safety, waste management, proliferation resistance, and
security challenges of continued use of nuclear energy.
The Department requests $735 million in FY 2014 for the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), including $24 million
from the Nuclear Waste Fund. As in FY 2013, the Department is requesting funding for Idaho National
Laboratory Site Wide Safeguards and Security ($94M) within the NE appropriation. (between these two offices, this is $1.3 billion to further pollute)
Office of Science: Delivering Scientific Discovery and User Facilities to Advance American Competitiveness
With a history of supporting research leading to over 100 Nobel Prizes—20 in the past 10 years, the Department’s
Office of Science is the largest federal sponsor of basic research in the physical sciences, providing about 45 percent of such funding to some 25,000 researchers at 17 DOE National Laboratories and more than 300 universities nationwide.
The Office oversees 10 of the Department’s National Laboratories and constructs and operates the world’s most
formidable array of major scientific user facilities—including large particle accelerators, advanced x-ray light sources, several of the world’s fastest supercomputers, reactors and neutron scattering sources, and sophisticated facilities for nano-science and genomics—used by 29,000 researchers across the Nation. The FY 2014 Budget provides $5.2 billion to sustain and advance this investment in America’s prosperity, economic competitiveness, and
energy future. Today, nations across the world are increasing their investments in R&D. At the same time, we stand on the threshold of a revolution in energy technologies.
The Office of Science is taking advantage of these new capabilities on multiple fronts. The Budget provides continued support for the Energy Frontier Research Centers. These Centers—involving some 600 researchers from multiple institutions—have proved scientifically productive, generating some 3,400 peer reviewed publications, 60 invention disclosures, 200 patents, and numerous instances of technology transfer in just three years.
The Budget also supports two Energy Innovation Hubs—the Joint Center on Artificial Photosynthesis led
by the California Institute of Technology in partnership with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which is at the
cutting edge of the effort to produce fuels directly from sunlight; and the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, led by Argonne National Laboratory, which has brought together leading researchers in an aggressive push for radically improved batteries for both transportation and the electric grid.
Meanwhile, the three DOE BioEnergy Research Centers are producing breakthroughs leading to improvements in plant feedstocks, deconstruction, and fuel synthesis for advanced biofuels, laying the foundation for a new biofuels economy. The Budget also continues to invest in research and facilities to advance our scientific understanding of fusion energy.
National Nuclear Security Administration: Modernizing the Nation’s Nuclear Deterrent and Securing Vulnerable Nuclear Materials
The NNSA is critical to ensuring the security and safety of our nation. The NNSA implements programs for three major national security endeavors: leveraging science to maintain a safe, secure and effective arsenal of nuclear weapons and capabilities to deter any adversary and guarantee that defense to our allies; accelerating and expanding our efforts at home and around the world to reduce the global threat posed by nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation and unsecured or excess nuclear materials; and, providing safe and effective nuclear propulsion for the U.S. Navy.
The FY 2014 President’s Budget Request for NNSA is $11.7 billion, an increase of $647 million (6 percent) from FY 2012 current levels. Funds are requested in four accounts:
• Weapons Activities: $7.9 billion, $311 million (4 percent) higher than the FY 2013 annualized CR level of
• Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation: $2.1 billion, $161 million (7 percent) lower than the FY 2012 current
level of $2.3 billion.
• Naval Reactors: $1.2 billion, $166 million (15 percent) higher than the FY 2012 current level of $1.1 billion
Environmental Management: Advancing Responsible Environmental Cleanup
The mission of the Office of Environmental Management (EM) is to complete the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy brought about from over six decades of nuclear weapons development, production, and Government-sponsored nuclear energy research. This cleanup effort is the largest in the world, originally involving two million acres at 107 sites in 35 states, dealing with some of the most dangerous materials known to human beings. The FY 2014 Budget includes $5.6 billion for EM to protect public health and safety and the environment.
(While we need nuclear weaponry for the deterrent of foreign aggression, between these last two offices, we are spending $11.7 billion to create the nuclear waste and $5.6 billion to clean it up, or 60% of the total budget)
Isn’t Global Warming the single largest disaster facing mankind today?
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